Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in most cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually likewise been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response is variable and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease read more causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are irreversible. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of paramount importance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like pain is managed with NSAID and lots of other drugs. Likewise the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis frequently reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. Neuropathy might likewise be due to toxic result of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and various others. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage reduction. There may be some particular treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine in addition to it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy.